DETERMINAN KINERJA USAHA MIKRO, KECIL, DAN MENENGAH

Dewi Hanggraeni, Liyu Adhi Kasari Sulung, Uliyatun Nikmah, Andreina Fara Hapsari

Abstract


Abstrak: Determinan Kinerja Usaha Mikro, Kecil, dan Menengah. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengeksplorasi peran faktor internal dan eksternal terhadap kinerja 164 Usaha Mikro, Kecil, dan Menengah (UMKM) di daerah Depok dan Jakarta. Metode yang digunakan adalah uji korelasi dan diperdalam dengan uji regresi. Penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa kinerja UMKM dipengaruhi oleh faktor internal yaitu manajemen operasional, pemasaran, dan teknis. Selain itu, situasi industri juga turut memengaruhi kinerja UMKM. Apabila faktor-faktor tersebut diperkuat, hal ini akan meningkatkan posisi UMKM di pasar. Pada sisi lain, faktor tersebut juga meningkatkan keberlangsungan usaha dalam jangka panjang.

 

Abstract: Determinant of Micro, Small and Medium Business Performance. This study aims to explore the role of internal and external factors on the performance of 164 Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) in Depok and Jakarta. The method used is correlation test and deepened by regression test. This research shows that the performance of UMKM is influenced by internal factors, that is operational management, marketing, and technical. In addition, the industry situation also influences the performance of MSMEs. If these factors are strengthened, this will improve the position of MSMEs in the market. On the other hand, these factors also improve long-term business sustainability.


Keywords


variabel internal; variabel eksternal; kinerja; usaha mikro, kecil, dan menengah

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bianchi, C., Glavas, C., & Mathews, S. (2017). SME International Performance in Latin America. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 24(1), 176–195. https://doi.org/10.1108/JSBED-09-2016-0142

Bol, J. C. (2011). The Determinants and Performance Effects of Managers' Performance Evaluation Biases. The Accounting Review, 86(5), 1549-1575. https://doi.org/10.2308/accr-10099

Brenes, E. R., Ciravegna, L., & Marcotte, P. (2016). Assessing Agri-business Firms’ Performances: Organizational and Marketing Business Models of High/Low Sales and ROE Outcomes. Journal of Business Research, 69(9), 3415–3426. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2016.02.002

Brustbauer, J. (2016). Enterprise Risk Management in SMEs: Towards a Structural Model. International Small Business Journal, 34(1), 70–85. https://doi.org/10.1177/0266242614542853

Buckley, P. J., & Tian, X. (2017). Internalization Theory and The Performance of Emerging-Market Multinational Enterprises. International Business Review, 26(5), 976–990. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ibusrev.2017.03.005

Cacciolatti, L., & Lee, S. H. (2016). Revisiting the Relationship between Marketing Capabilities and Firm Performance: The Moderating Role of Market Orientation, Marketing Strategy and Organisational Power. Journal of Business Research, 69(12), 5597–5610. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2016.03.067

Chari, S., Balabanis, G., Robson, M. J., & Slater, S. (2017). Alignments and Misalignments of Realized Marketing Strategies with Administrative Systems: Performance Implications. Industrial Marketing Management, 63, 129–144. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indmarman.2016.11.002

Cortes, H., Daaboul, J., Le Duigou, J., & Eynard, B. (2016). Strategic Lean Management: Integration of operational Performance Indicators for Strategic Lean Management. IFAC-PapersOnLine, 49(12), 65–70. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ifacol.2016.07.551

Davcik, N. S., & Sharma, P. (2016). Marketing Resources, Performance, and Competitive Advantage: A Review and Future Research Directions. Journal of Business Research, 69(12), 5547–5552. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2016.04.169

Demirkesen, S., & Ozorhon, B. (2017). Impact of Integration Management on Construction Project Management Performance. International Journal of Project Management, 35(8), 1639–1654. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijproman.2017.09.008

Du, F., Tang, G., & Young, S. M. (2012). Influence Activities and Favoritism in Subjective Performance Evaluation: Evidence from Chinese State-Owned Enterprises. The Accounting Review, 87(5), 1555-1588. https://doi.org/10.2308/accr-50196

Heckmann, N., Steger, T., & Dowling, M. (2016). Organizational Capacity for Change, Change Experience, and Change Project Performance. Journal of Business Research, 69(2), 777–784. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2015.07.012

Huo, B., Ye, Y., Zhao, X., & Shou, Y. (2016). The Impact of Human Capital on Supply Chain Integration and Competitive Performance. International Journal of Production Economics, 178, 132–143. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpe.2016.05.009

Jaakkola, M., Möller, K., Parvinen, P., Evanschitzky, H., & Mühlbacher, H. (2010). Strategic Marketing and Business Performance: A Study in Three European “Engineering Countries.” Industrial Marketing Management, 39(8), 1300–1310. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indmarman.2010.06.005

Khalid, S., & Larimo, J. (2012). Affects of Alliance Entrepreneurship on Common Vision, Alliance Capability and Alliance Performance. International Business Review, 21(5), 891–905. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ibusrev.2011.10.003

Kianto, A., Sáenz, J., & Aramburu, N. (2017). Knowledge-based Human Resource Management Practices, Intellectual Capital, and Innovation. Journal of Business Research, 81, 11–20. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2017.07.018

Leeuw, S. D., & Berg, J. P. V. D. (2011). Improving Operational Performance by Influencing Shopfloor Behavior via Performance Management Practices. Journal of Operations Management, 29(3), 224–235. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jom.2010.12.009

Li, Y., Nie, D., Zhao, X., & Li, Y. (2017). Market Structure and Performance: An Empirical Study of the Chinese Solar Cell Industry. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 70, 78–82. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2016.11.064

Linton, G., & Kask, J. (2017). Configurations of Entrepreneurial Orientation and Competitive Strategy for High Performance. Journal of Business Research, 70, 168–176. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2016.08.022

Lopez, O. L., & Hiebl, M. R. W. (2015). Management Accounting in Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises: Current Knowledge and Avenues for Further Research. Journal of Management Accounting Research, 27(1), 81-119. https://doi.org/10.2308/jmar-50915

Malhotra, N. K. (2005). Review of Marketing Research. New York: M.E. Sharpe.

Marques, A., Lacerda, D. P., Camargo, L. F. R., & Teixeira, R. (2014). Exploring The Relationship between Marketing and Operations: Neural Network Analysis of Marketing Decision Impacts on Delivery Performance. International Journal of Production Economics, 153, 178–190. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpe.2014.02.020

Matthyssens, P., Vandenbempt, K., & Bockhaven, W. V. (2013). Structural Antecedents of Institutional Entrepreneurship in Industrial Networks: A Critical Realist Explanation. Industrial Marketing Management, 42(3), 405–420. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indmarman.2013.02.008

Meutia, & Ismail, T. (2015). The Influence of Competitive Pressure on Innovative Creativity. Academy of Strategic Management Journal, 14(2), 117–128.

Popaitoon, S., & Siengthai, S. (2014). The moderating effect of human resource management practices on the relationship between knowledge absorptive capacity and project performance in project-oriented companies. International Journal of Project Management, 32(6), 908–920. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijproman.2013.12.002

Purnama, C., & Subroto, W. T. (2016). Competition Intensity, Uncertainty Environmental on The Use of Information Technology and Its Impact on Business Performance Small and Medium Enterprises. International Review of Management and Marketing, 6(4), 984–992.

Sari, D. P. (2013). Telisik Perlakuan Teori Entitas dalam Usaha Mikro, Kecil dan Menengah (UMKM). Jurnal Akuntansi Multiparadigma, 4(2), 188-197.

Sarwono, H. A. (2015). Profil Bisnis Usaha Mikro, Kecil dan Menengah (UMKM). Jakarta: Bank Indonesia dan LPPI.

Schaupp, L. C., & Bélanger, F. (2014). The Value of Social Media for Small Businesses. Journal of Information Systems, 28(1), 187-207. https://doi.org/10.2308/isys-50674

Southiseng, N., & Walsh, J. (2010). Competition and Management Issues of SME Entrepreneurs in Laos: Evidence from Empirical Studies in Vientiane Municipality, Savannakhet, and Luang Prabang. Asian Journal of Business Management, 2(3), 57–72.

Spanos, Y. E., & Lioukas, S. (2001). An Examination into The Causal Logic of Rent Generation: Contrasting Porter’s Competitive Strategy Framework and The Resource-Based Perspective. Strategic Management Journal, 22(10), 907–934. https://doi.org/10.1002/smj.174

Takata, H. (2016). Effects of Industry Forces, Market Orientation, and Marketing Capabilities on Business Performance: An Empirical Analysis of Japanese Manufacturers from 2009 to 2011. Journal of Business Research, 69(12), 5611–5619. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2016.03.068

Tang, Y., Wang, P., & Zhang, Y. (2007). Marketing and Business Performance of Construction SMEs in China. Journal of Business & Industrial Marketing, 22(2), 118–125. https://doi.org/10.1108/08858620710730230

Terho, H., & Jalkala, A. (2016). Customer Reference Marketing: Conceptualization, Measurement and Link to Selling Performance. Industrial Marketing Management, 64, 175–186. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indmarman.2017.01.005

Wang, Z., & Kim, H. G. (2017). Can Social Media Marketing Improve Customer Relationship Capabilities and Firm Performance? Dynamic Capability Perspective. Journal of Interactive Marketing, 39, 15–26. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.intmar.2017.02.004

Yu, W., Ramanathan, R., & Nath, P. (2017). Environmental Pressures and Performance: An Analysis of The Roles of Environmental Innovation Strategy and Marketing Capability. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 117, 160–169. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2016.12.005

Zuhdi, R. (2011). Makna Informasi Akuntansi sebagai Dasar Pengambilan Keputusan Bisnis di Usaha Kecil dan Mikro (UKM). Jurnal Akuntansi Multiparadigma, 2(3), 446-458.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18202/jamal.2017.12.7068

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.