APAKAH KARAKTERISTIK KEPALA DAERAH BERDAMPAK TERHADAP KINERJA PEMERINTAHAN?

Agus Reza Pahlevi, Doddy Setiawan

Abstract


Abstrak: Apakah Karakteristik Kepala Daerah Berdampak terhadap Kinerja Pemerintahan? Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah menguji pengaruh karakteristik kepala daerah terhadap kinerja pemerintah daerah di Indonesia. Uji regresi data panel digunakan sebagai metode penelitian. Hasil pengujian menunjukkan kepala daerah yang mempunyai umur lebih tinggi dan masa kerja yang lebih lama serta gender perempuan dapat memberikan kontribusi positif terhadap kinerja pemerintah daerah. Kepala daerah menggunakan pengalaman mereka untuk meningkatkan kinerja pemerintah daerah. Selain itu, penelitian ini juga menunjukkan tingkat pendidikan kepala daerah tidak memberikan dampak positif terhadap kinerja karena mereka cenderung memutuskan kebijakan berdasarkan prinsip dan lingkungan sosial.

 

Abstract: Does the Characteristic of Regional Head Affect to Government Performance? The purpose of this study is to examine the influence of regional head characteristics on the performance of local government in Indonesia. The panel data regression test is used as a research method. The test results show that heads of regions with higher age and longer service life and women's gender can contribute positively to the performance. They use their experience to improve local government performance. In addition, this study also shows that the level of education of local heads don’t have a positive impact on performance because they tend to decide policies based on principles and social environment.


Keywords


kinerja; kepala daerah; pemerintah daerah

Full Text:

PDF

References


Akbar, R., Pilcher, R., & Perrin, B. (2012). Performance Measurement in Indonesia: The Case of Local Government. Pacific Accounting Review, 24(3), 262–291.

Apriana, D., & Suryanto, R. (2010). Analisis Hubungan antara Belanja Modal, Pendapatan Asli Daerah, Kemandirian Daerah dan Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Daerah (Studi pada Kabupaten dan Kota se Jawa-Bali). Jurnal Akuntansi dan Investasi, 11(1), 68–79.

Avellaneda, C. N. (2012). Do Politics or Mayors’ Demographics Matter for Municipal Revenue Expansion? Public Management Review, 14(8), 1061–1086.

Campbell, K., & Mínguez-Vera, A. (2008). Gender Diversity in the Boardroom and Firm Financial Performance. Journal of Business Ethics, 83(3), 435–451.

Cruz, N. F. D., & Marques, R. C. (2014). Revisiting the determinants of local government performance. Omega, 44, 91–103.

Dewi, K. H. (2012). Female Leadership and Democratization in Local Politics since 2005: Trend, Prospect, and Reflection in Indonesia. Jurnal Masyarakat Indonesia, 38(2), 329–349.

Esteve, M., Boyne, G., Sierra, V., & Ysa, T. (2013). Organizational Collaboration in the Public Sector: Do Chief Executives Make a Difference? Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 23(4), 927–952.

Fernandez, S., Cho, Y. J., & Perry, J. L. (2010). Exploring the Link Between Integrated Leadership and Public Sector Performance. The Leadership Quarterly, 21(2), 308–323.

Ferreira, F., & Gyourko, J. (2014). Does Gender Matter for Political Leadership? The Case of US Mayors. Journal of Public Economics, 112, 24–39.

Gomes, R. C., Alfinito, S., & Albuquerque, P. H. M. (2013). Analyzing Local Government Financial Performance: Evidence from Brazilian Municipalities 2005-2008. Revista de Administração Contemporânea, 17(6), 704–719.

Guo, G. (2009). China’s Local Political Budget Cycles. American Journal of Political Science, 53(3), 621–632.

Hambrick, D. C. (2007). Upper Echelons Theory: An Update. Academy of Management Review, 32(2), 334–343.

Hambrick, D. C., & Mason, P. A. (1984). Upper Echelons: The Organization as a Reflection of Its Top Managers. Academy of Management Review, 9(2), 193–206.

Harun, H., An, Y., & Kahar, A. (2013). Implementation and Challenges of Introducing NPM and Accrual Accounting in Indonesian Local Government. Public Money & Management, 33(5), 383–388.

Hoque, Z. (2008). Measuring and Reporting Public Sector Outputs/Outcomes: Exploratory Evidence from Australia. International Journal of Public Sector Management, 21(5), 468–493.

Huang, S. K. (2013). The Impact of CEO Characteristics on Corporate Sustainable Development. Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management, 20(4), 234–244.

International Public Sector Accounting Standard Board. (2006). International Public Sector Accounting Standard No.1: Presentation of Financial Statement. New York.

Janvry, A. D., Finan, F., & Sadoulet, E. (2011). Local Electoral Incentives and Decentralized Program Performance. The Review of Economics and Statistics, 94(3), 672–685.

Leslie, K., & Canwell, A. (2010). Leadership at All Levels: Leading Public Sector Organisations in an Age of Austerity. European Management Journal, 28(4), 297-305.

Liu, Y., Wei, Z., & Xie, F. (2014). Do Women Directors Improve Firm Performance in China? Journal of Corporate Finance, 28(Supplement C), 169–184.

Lorenzo, B., Massimiliano, P., & Gilberto, T. (2012). Decentralization and Local Governments’ Performance: How does Fiscal Autonomy Affect Spending Efficiency? FinanzArchiv: Public Finance Analysis.

Martinez-Vazquez, J., Lago-Penas, S., & Sacchi, A. (2017). The Impact of Fiscal Decentralization: A Survey. Journal of Economic Survey, 31(4), 1095–1129.

Mei, X., Tian, L., Xue, Z., & Li, X. (2017). A Working Memory Task Reveals Different Patterns of Impulsivity in Male and Female College Students. Behavioural Processes, 138, 127–133.

Mirza, D. S. (2012). Pengaruh Kemiskinan, Pertumbuhan Ekonomi, dan Belanja Modal terhadap Indeks Pembangunan Manusia di Jawa Tengah Tahun 2006-2009. Economic Development Analysis Journal, 1(1), 1–15.

Nadkarni, S., & Herrmann, P. O. L. (2010). CEO Personality, Strategic Flexibility, and Firm Performance: The Case of the Indian Business Process Outsourcing Industry. Academy of Management Journal, 53(5), 1050–1073.

Park, S. (2012). Does Gender Matter? The Effect of Gender Representation of Public Bureaucracy on Governmental Performance. The American Review of Public Administration, 43(2), 221–242.

Pasanda, E., & Paranoan, N. (2013). Pengaruh Gender dan Pengalaman Audit terhadap Audit Judgement. Jurnal Akuntansi Multiparadigma, 4(3), 417–429.

Peni, E. (2014). CEO and Chairperson Characteristics and Firm Performance. Journal of Management & Governance, 18(1), 185–205.

Petrovsky, N., & Avellaneda, C. N. (2014). Mayoral Public Sector Work Experience and Tax Collection Performance in Colombian Local Governments. International Public Management Journal, 17(2), 145–173.

Pratiwi, R., & Aryani, Y. A. (2016). Pengaruh Karakteristik Pemerintah Daerah, Kepala Daerah, Tindak Lanjut Temuan Audit terhadap Opini. Jurnal Akuntansi, 20(2), 167–189.

Quigley, T. J., & Hambrick, D. C. (2015). Has the “CEO Effect” Increased in Recent Decades? A New Explanation for the Great Rise in America’s Attention to Corporate Leaders. Strategic Management Journal, 36(6), 821–830.

Rachmawi, S., Rini, R., & Fitri, Y. (2016). Faktor-faktor yang Mempengaruhi Ketepatan Waktu Pelaporan Keuangan Pemerintah Daerah di Indonesia. Akuntabilitas: Jurnal Ilmu Administrasi, 9(1), 143–160.

Rahmanti, V. R., & Prastiwi, A. (2011). Analisis Faktor-Faktor yang Menyebabkan Laporan Keuangan Pemerintah Daerah Beropini Disclaimer. Jurnal Akuntansi Multiparadigma, 2(2), 201-216.

Sawitri, H. S. R., Wahyuni, S., & Sunaryo, S. (2016). Managers’ Characteristics and Employee Productivity. Sebelas Maret Business Review, 1(2), 66–71.

Sebaa, A. A., Wallace, J., & Cornelius, N. (2009). Managerial Characteristics, Strategy and Performance in Local Government. Measuring Business Excellence, 13(4), 12–21.

Siddi, P. (2016). Peran Karakteristik Keuangan dan Opini Audit dalam Meningkatkan Kinerja Penyelenggaraan Pemerintahan Daerah. Jurnal Akuntansi Multiparadigma, 7(3), 419-436. http://dx.doi.org/10.18202/jamal.2016.12.7030

Su, T. D., & Bui, T. M. H. (2016). Government Size, Public Governance and Private Investment: The Case of Vietnamese Provinces. Economic Systems, 41(4), 651-666.

Suhardjanto, D., Alwiyah, A., Utami, M. E., & Syafrudin, M. (2017). Board of Commissioners Diversity and Financial Performance: A Comparative Study of Listed Mining Industry in Indonesia and Pakistan. Review of Integrative Business & Economics, 6(1), 131–142.

Surepno, S. (2015). Kunci Sukses dan Peran Strategis Implementasi Akuntansi Berbasis Akrual. Jurnal Dinamika Akuntansi, 7(2), 119–128.

Tarigan, E. P. A., & Nurtanzila, L. (2013). Standar Akuntansi Pemerintahan dalam Mewujudkan Akuntabilitas dan Transparansi Pengelolaan Keuangan Daerah. JKAP (Jurnal Kebijakan Dan Administrasi Publik), 17(1), 29–45.

Terjesen, S., Couto, E. B., & Francisco, P. M. (2016). Does the Presence of Independent and Female Directors Impact Firm Performance? A Multi-Country Study of Board Diversity. Journal of Management & Governance, 20(3), 447–483.

Usman, E., & Paranoan, S. (2013). Anggaran Partisipatif dalam Menunjang Kinerja Aparatur Pemerintah Daerah. Jurnal Akuntansi Multiparadigma, 4(1), 127-135.

Walker, R. M., & Andrews, R. (2015). Local Government Management and Performance: A Review of Evidence. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 25(1), 101–133.

Wang, G., Holmes, R. M., Oh, I., & Zhu, W. (2016). Do CEOs Matter to Firm Strategic Actions and Firm Performance? A Meta‐Analytic Investigation Based on Upper Echelons Theory. Personnel Psychology, 69(4), 775–862.

Wei, L. Q., & Ling, Y. (2015). CEO Characteristics and Corporate Entrepreneurship in Transition Economies: Evidence from China. Journal of Business Research, 68(6), 1157–1165.

Wright, P., Kroll, M. J., Walters, B. A., & Ma, R. (2012). Intersection of Upper Echelons and Corporate Governance: Ramifications for Market Response to Acquisition Announcements. Journal of Managerial Issues, 24(4), 433–449.

Yusup, M., & Aryani, Y. A. (2015). Karakteristik Kepala Daerah, Afiliasi Partai Politik dan Indikasi Korupsi Belanja Modal. Integritas, 1(1), 61–80.

Zafra-Gómez, J. L., López-Hernández, A. M., & Hernández-Bastida, A. (2009). Evaluating Financial Performance in Local Government: Maximizing the Benchmarking Value. International Review of Administrative Sciences, 75(1), 151–167.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18202/jamal.2017.12.7074

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.